The Nigerian veterinary journal was established in the year since nineteen hundred and seventy one. It is part of an association that is committed to the advancement of veterinary medicine in Nigeria and other parts of the world. This journal is for enhancing the livestock economy all over the world.
The objective of Nigerian veterinary:
Veterinary medicine deals with the study, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders in animals. The scope is wide as it covers all species of animals, both domestic and wild lives that are affected in a wide way of conditions. Veterinary medicine also helps human health through the control of zoonotic diseases that means diseases transmitted from non human animals to humans. Let us take up one case of Veterinary medicine in Nigeria.
Prevention and control of surgical site infection in Veterinary medicine in Nigeria
Surgical site infection or SSi are surgeryinfections associated with various etiologies. Financial and psychological burden to animal owners in Nigeria have led to severe morbidity and mortality. Surgical site infection involves many factors such as prevention and control strategies. Surgical site infections are surgery associated nosocomial infections that account for about thirty eight per cent among human patients and about eighteen per cent among animals. As mentioned earlier the various etiologies involved are poor surgical theatre environment, surgery team attitude, operating techniques as well as poor surgical instruments. The effects of surgical site infections is huge on the patients welfare and the animals hence the need has come to minimize surgical site infections.
Surgical site infections are prevalent in Nigeria due to unstandardized environment for surgical procedures. An attempt to prevent has led to antimicrobial abuse and possible rise in microbial strains. There is a growing concern for improvement in surgical procedures as surgical site infections still remains the most common acquired hospital infection with costly implications both among humans and animals. One thing is for sure that the problem is from time immemorial and the patient is brought in just at the time of death. The changes that came in for improvement in surgical procedures were compulsory hand scrubbing as it was observed that contaminated hands were handling the operation cases. The scrubbing was done with chlorinated lime solutions and this practice became globally accepted. Both outer and inner wound sites are prone to bacterial contamination and hence this may lead to surgical site infections. Hand hygiene is the key component in surgical site infection. In fact pre surgical hand antisepsis is aimed at reducing or bringing down the skin microbial flora so as to reduce the risk of surgical site infection. Thus with use of chlorhexidene , an antiseptic solution to scrub from hand and arm to elbow at least twenty to twenty five times has reduced chances of infection.
A surgical site infection correlates directly with dose and virulence of microbial contamination and patient’s immune resistance. Patients who are obese and also suffering from diabetes and intake of certain drugs can suffer from this infection. In animal patients, infection can lead to hypothermia, hypotension, and increased body weight.